years ago, Salvador became the first capital of Brazil, keeping
this position for 214 years.(1549-1763).
The "All Saints bay" (Baia de Todos os Santos)
was already known by the Portuguese navigators since 1500; its strategic location
in the Brazilian coast, favourable to the route Portugal-Brazil-Africa-Asia and
the equidistance betweenhe North and South of Brazil,
combined with the proper conditions for
a safe harbour and correct manoeuvres of the ships determined
its choice as the ideal place for the capital of Brazil.
Portugal followed its national tradition of "upper" and "lower" cities.
The city is marked by rigorous topographical limits, which even today impress
colonial architectural group has, without doubt, great importance
and has also the Title of "World Cultural Heritage",
given by ONU.